Lake Victoria is a true African Gem, it the largest freshwater lake in Africa and is the source of the River Nile. Bordering Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania, this expansive body of water stretches into the horizon – appearing more like a sea than a lake. Gentle waves are punctuated by many small, verdant islands that play host to a rich variety of wildlife. A perfect place to while away languid evenings as the red African sun sinks out of view, Lake Victoria is as interesting as it is restorative.
The Tanzanian section of Lake Victoria is one of the least visited regions in the country, however the towns of Bukoba, Musoma and Mwanza have a number of attractions. Near Mwanza and Musoma are many islands, some have become wildlife sanctuaries. Bird watching and fishing trips are popular excursions, and boat trips or hikes can be arranged around Lake Victoria.
Facts about Lake Victoria
Size; Lake Victoria covers a gigantic area of 26,600 square miles and has a coastline that runs for over 2,000 miles around three countries. It contains approximately 1,000 islands, ranging from tiny spits of land to larger inhabited islets. Each inhabited island has its own character, customs, and history.
Name. Although the lake has different names corresponding to the different nations and communities it borders, it’s most common title derives from Queen Victoria of England. The British explorer John Hanning Speke was the first European to find the lake in the 1850s during his expedition to find the source of the River Nile, and decided to dedicate his discovery to the Queen and country. Speke believed that the lake was in-fact the source he’d been looking for, and this is now widely accepted as being true.
Age; Lake Victoria is approximately 400,000 years old, which is relatively young in geological terms. During its short life, it has dried up several times – the most recent was about 17,000 years ago. Though it’s not known exactly why it dries up so often, it’s thought it could be the result of the lake’s comparably shallow waters – the average depth is just 25 metres. This sensitivity to drought is one of the reasons why scientists believe Lake Victoria could experience another arid spell in the next 500 years – a result of climate change.
Habitat; Lake Victoria is a haven for wildlife. Alongside a spectacular array of birdlife and wetland animals, such as the clawless otter and sitatunga, the lake has fostered a number of native species. Among these are several types of cichlid, many of which are notable by their vibrantly-coloured scales. More elusive – or, possibly extinct – is the Lake Victoria Deepwater Catfish. Dwelling at the bottom of the lake, which is 82 metres at its deepest, this little-known catfish is thought to have been brought to near-extinction by the introduction of the Nile Perch.